Message Board

November 2016.

I am currently putting together the first part of a three part Powerpoint presentation that I hope to post on Youtube soon.


Correction with regard to the article, The Power of Water, by Ian Gerson, Popular Archaeology Magazine, Spring 2016.

Although the editor of Popular Archaeology Magazine insisted on referring to my discoveries as a theory it is illogical to refer to my work as a theory when my work is based on the physical evidence that is there for all to see in the Great Pyramid itself.

Another statement that is very misleading in the article is when the writer refers to the waters of the Nile;

Using a huge water source bestowed to the Egyptians by the mighty Nile (still to be identified—either a natural or a man-made reservoir somewhere west or south west of the pyramids),’“the ancient pyramid builders utilized hydraulic (water) power for their transportation system and also as a means to lift massive tonnages up to almost unbelievable elevations,” says Carson.

The author has made a statement here (in italics) and then tagged on a quote by me to the end of the sentence which only serves to mislead the reader. I would like to point out that the waters of the Nile were not harnessed for the hydraulic transportation system installed in all of the principal pyramids at Giza when they were under construction. This is something climatologists, Egyptologists and geologists are going to have to come to terms with in the future for the physical evidence clearly shows that the climate on the Giza Plateau c. 2,500 B.C.E. had to have been very different from the hyper-arid climate of the Western Desert at the present time. The Giza Plateau is on the edge of the Nile Delta and we know that the course of the river itself was much closer to the plateau at this time. I believe that this area enjoyed a micro-climate that was very different from the hyper-arid climate of the Western Desert. The evidence of hydraulic transportation systems having once been in use in all of these large pyramids at Giza and Dashur is testament to this, and a large water reservoir would have been a requirement of the canal (hydraulic) transportation systems on the west bank (it was only the development of these systems that made it possible to construct these massive pyramids).

I would also like to point out that the central distribution chambers mentioned in the article were not used as burial chambers (as claimed by the author of the article) the burial chambers in the two largest pyramids at Giza will be discovered deep underground beneath these structures, where the burial chamber in the smallest of the three pyramids is to be found. All of these inner chambers and so called passageways in all pyramids of this type – constructed of large, dressed, limestone or granite blocks – were created for one purpose only and that was to enable the construction of these massive pyramids. Most of these inner pipes and chambers were then sealed on the completion of the structures. It was only later that the burial chambers were created deep underground and the kings / pharaohs mummies interred in these chambers. This had been the practice from the construction of the very earliest mastabas, where a great mass of mud brick was placed over a tomb to deter tomb robbers. The pyramids that came later were constructed for the same purpose, with the mummies of the deceased royals being interred in tombs deep beneath these structures. In the smallest of the three principal structures at Giza the royal tomb, on the deepest subterranean level, was lined with granite and this could only have been done after the construction of the pyramid had been completed. The limestone chamber (that was later lined with granite) formed part of the hydraulic system in the small pyramid and the system could not have functioned if the chamber had been lined with granite at an earlier stage of the construction (a vast quantity of water flowed through the unlined chamber when this pyramid was under construction). Once you discover how this pyramid was constructed this will become self evident.

The author of this article obviously took account of the Egyptological establishment position on the pyramids at Giza and I fully understand why he would not want to challenge their position. However, this has been their position for decades and there is absolutely no evidence of the chambers within these structures ever having been used as burial chambers. In fact, the evidence in the smallest of the three principal pyramids at Giza blows this theory out of the water as this chamber is on the very deepest subterranean level beneath this structure.

There are many areas of research where generalisations can be very misleading and I believe the climate issue at the time of the construction of the pyramids at Giza is a prime example. Can we really accept that the climate on the Giza Plateau, on the edge of the Nile Delta, mirrored that of the greater part of the Western Desert at this time when there is overwhelming evidence as to the ancient pyramid builders having installed hydraulic transportation systems in all three pyramids at Giza when they were under construction? As I mentioned earlier, a large water resource on the western side of the plateau was an absolute requirement, as well as sufficient rainfall to keep it topped up. I am not a climatologist or a meteorologist, so I cannot make an informed statement here based on the climate or the weather patterns at this time, but this is surely something that warrants further investigation as a hyper-arid climate is completely at odds with the physical evidence in the pyramids (to say nothing of the water erosion on the walls of the Sphinx Enclosure).